”No company, fast-fashion or not, can continue exactly like today,” Persson said. ”The (prize’s) largest potential lies with finding new technology that means we can recycle the fibers with unchanged quality.”
The more clothes companies churn out every year, the more concerns grow up about cotton eventually running out. The problem is that many cotton recycling methods now result in poor-quality fibers that have to be mixed with other materials, which renders them unable to be recycled. Those clothes end up in land fills.
Cheap clothing is great, and it’s something H&M is known for, so it won’t be easy for the company to figure out how to keep selling low-priced stuff and not deplete the world’s cotton supplies, an environmental science professor explains to Reuters.
”This is a great challenge for H&M whose trademark is cheap clothes at good quality ”_ The fact it’s cheap means there’s a risk people buy and throw away, or buy too much,” he said.
Other companies have already taken steps to combat the environmental effects of ”fast fashion”: Mud Jeans leases garments to customers and then offers to replace them every year, repairing and reselling the used items or recycling the fabric; Marks & Spencer in the UK and Italian store Calzedonia both collect used items in their stores for recycling; and British designer Tom Cridland offers a 30-year guarantee on his range of T-shirts to encourage people to buy something more expensive, but will last.
”I don’t believe it is fair on customers to churn out plain white T-shirts that will only last a year or two,” he told Reuters. ”I can’t compete on price so I have to do something different.”